The Polish Journal of Aviation Medicine, Bioengineering and Psychology

Kwartalnik Polskiego Towarzystwa Medycyny Lotniczej

2014, Volume 20, Issue 3

Temperamental Traits and Styles of Coping Stress in Motorcyclists

Jowita Dykas1, Jan F. Terelak1
1Department of Psychology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw

Autor korenspondencyjny: Jan F. Terelak; Department of Psychology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw; email: jterelak[at]wiml.waw.pl

DOI: 10.13174/pjamp.20.03.2014.2

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Introduction: The aim of the study was to describe the relationship between temperamental traits and styles of coping stress in motorcyclists. The theoretical framework was set out by J. Strelau’s Regulative Theory of Temperament as well as R. Lazarus and R. Folkman's Transactional Theory of Stress.
Methods: Two inventories were used, namely, Formal Characteristics of Behavior – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI), and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) by N. Endler and J. Parker. Twenty-five motorcyclists were surveyed.
Results: We found a relationship between sensory sensitivity, activity and task-oriented coping  stress as well as a relationship between emotional reactivity, perseveration and emotion-oriented, and avoidance-oriented coping.  
Discussion: We discuss our results with reference to the notion of temperamental need for stimulation, which determines e.g. the willingness to take risk as well as resistance to stress.  
Conclusions: There is a correlation between temperamental traits and styles of coping  stress.


Słowa kluczowe

temperament, transportation psychology, styles of coping stress, motorcyclists