WIML

The Polish Journal of Aviation Medicine, Bioengineering and Psychology

Kwartalnik Polskiego Towarzystwa Medycyny Lotniczej

2017, Volume 23, Issue 2

SENSE OF CONTROL, SATISFACTION WITH LIFE AND STRESS COPING STYLES OF FLIGHT STAFF


Anna Turbacz1, Zdzisław Kobos1
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1Institute of Psychology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw


Autor korenspondencyjny: Anna Turbacz; Institute of Psychology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw; email: turbacza@o2.pl

DOI: 10.13174/pjambp.16.07.2018.02

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Streszczenie

Introduction: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the sense of control, life satisfaction and stress coping styles, and whether there are any differences between air traffic controllers and pilots in these variables.

Methods: 80 men were tested, including 40 military pilots and 40 air traffic controllers. The tests were carried out with the use of: Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS/) - authors: Ed Diener, Robert A. Emmons, Randy J. Larson, Sharon Griffin, the Survey for Measurement of the Sense of Control /Delta/- by R. Ł. Drwal, The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations /CISS/ - by N. S. Endler, J.D.A. Parker.

Results: On the basis of statistical analyses, no differences were found between pilots and air traffic controllers in the sense of location of control. Compared to air traffic controllers, pilots achieve significantly higher results in the case of the avoidance style and its subdimensions, i.e. surrogate activities and looking for social contacts as a form of coping with stress. In addition, the group of pilots found a significant positive relationship between life satisfaction and the search for social contacts, while the group of controllers found a significant moderate negative relationship between life satisfaction and the emotional stress coping style.


Słowa kluczowe

stress coping styles, sense of control, life satisfaction, air traffic controllers, pilots